AKAGERA READY TO RECEIVE LION FROM KENYA

Commonly known for it’s wide variety of animal species, Akagera National Park is regarded as one of the tourist destinations in Rwanda as very many tourist flops in into the park the park is blessed with plentiful wonders which many visitors enjoy looking at. The park is famous for it’s wild animal species ranging from the big 4 that’s leopard, buffaloes, elephants, hippos are also present other small species that the park house include zebras, giraffes waterbucks, warthogs among others, however one main breathtaking attraction that has been lacking at the park is the lion. Although it is not very clear as to why this park has no single lion however according to the administrators of the park, the lions are said to have been killed in the early days by the local people and those which survived crossed boarders to nearby countries Uganda and Kenya. Many tourists while on their safari have been asking guides several times why lion are not seen, where are they disappeared to and this posed a problem to the management fearing that some visitors may be disheartened to come back to this park.
Though, this hug problem is going to come to an end very soon as the tourist board in Kenya had promised to donate eight lions to the park and this is predictable to take place next month. Ounce they have introduced to the park it will not only increase on the number of tourists to the park but also it will improve on the livelihood of the local people since they will be selling their art and crafts to visitors in large number.
Rwanda is having only three national parks and few game reserves, the most marketable park is the volcanoes national park basically known for its endangered mountain gorillas and many visitors come specifically to track these graceful primates in their natural habitats. Nyungwe national park is commonly known to house over 13 species of primates coupled with chimps the closest relative of man. Akagera National Park according to its administrators, it’s one of the least marketed parks in the country and this has affected it for fairly some time now and this year the management through its sales team started a campaign aimed at putting the park to the world scene. Since lion are going to be introduced at the park it’s going to increase on the number of tourists to the park and automatically it’s going to lead to more Rwanda safaris.

Why Go on a Safari?

Have you ever had a chance to travel the world? Have you ever thought of why go on a safari? Have you started planning for one? It’s high time you start thinking of when to go and where to go. When planning to come to an African continent where wonders happen, Africa is blessed with a very good weather condition and it is gifted with a number of wildlife that’s why it was named a ‘’pearl of Africa’’. An African safari is truly the adventure of a lifetime: unbelievable wildlife densities, a striking variety of mammal and bird species not easily seen in other European countries; close encounters with wild lions (incredible climbing lions seen only in Uganda’s Queen Elizabeth national park), leopards, elephants, buffalo; watching them while grazing and take photos with them in a close distance, enjoy the spectacular sunsets; vibrant cultures radically different from what you’re are familiar with in the United States and other European countries; a world of new sights, sounds, and smells.
No experience anywhere else compares to leaving camp in the first light of dawn, quaking with expectation what animals will we see today? There is nothing like meeting a wild lion on his home grass, close enough to smell him. How do you see to meet our close relatives the chimps and gorillas in there nature setting, they share almost 95% of human characters. These primates are fabulous fan to watch as they play in there fruitful trees while doing there daily activities. Over thirteen species of primates( chimps, black and white colobus monkey, baboon among other) can be seen in countries where they are present like in Uganda, Rwanda, Congo, Cameroon to mention but a few. Meeting the most giant primate the gorillas face to face is the most incredible moment you’ve never experienced as these giants are rarely seen since they are about 900 individuals in the whole world and they can safely be tracked only in three countries that are Uganda, Rwanda and Congo, so please don’t miss to include gorilla tracking on your safari if coming to one of these countries.
Various Facts about Safari Trips
Have you ever considered some of the facts about safari trips before travelling the world? Is the trip on land, usually in the jungle or savanna environments, which is engaged in for the purposes of viewing or hunting the animals. In the past safari where taken as hunting expeditions which in other words resulted into death of may animals. Most often, modern safaris due to much conservation and environmental protection purpose, safaris involve viewing, photographing, as well as experiencing animals in their natural habitat. With the greater laws for preservation of many of the animal species, fewer undertake a safari to hunt animals. Safari is the Swahili word, which originally derives from an Arabic word for travel, safari. Most associate the ideas of going on safaris with Africa, but there are many destinations throughout the world. For example, one may take safari trips in India, Australia, Alaska or Peru among other destinations. Essentially any place where one can observe the animals in their true habitats can be safari destinations .Some safari trips are done by motor transport (tourist vehicle). It might simply be too dangerous to be walking around the lions, tigers, leopard and bears, or other deadly animals as they can eat you or cause harm on you so it is seriously prohibited. It can be dangerous to animals to closely interact with the humans and when watching mountain gorillas or chimpanzee you are advised to keep a distance at least one kilometer from them, and you are not allowed to visit any national park when you are suffering from any disease like flue and cough as you will spread the disease to them. Check on this site (www.rwandasafari.co.uk) you will get all the information concerning wild animal viewing and gorilla tracking roles in Uganda and Rwanda. So this information is very vital to any one who is hopping to travel the world. But please don’t hesitate to book your trip to Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi with Rwanda safari.co.uk you never regret.
Why Rwanda safari?
Its Rwanda safari because the country is now stable from the 1994 genocide war which claimed a lot of people’s lives, there is peace in the country and safaris are arranged one after the other. It has a very good weather condition suitable to every one with good infrastructure facilities. The country has very many tourist attractions enjoyable by every one happen to visit the county. Rwanda is one of the three countries in the whole world that host these few remaining mountain gorillas in the county. Rwanda only, has over 400 individuals out of 900 gorillas. And it was through the works of Dian Fossy who made Rwanda popular because of the research she carried out on these species. She studied there behaviors for over 18 years until when she was killed by poachers. The other countries where gorillas can be safely tracked include Uganda and Congo. Tracking these giants in there natural setting is regarded as the most memorable moment on earth, hence making Rwanda the most suitable safari destination not only in the East but also in the Central Africa, Rwanda also has over 13 species of primates coupled with chimpanzee and a number of wild animals and birds which can be seen physically grazing and take close photos with them , and others can be seen just meters from the Lodge.

birding in rwanda

BIRDING WATCHING IN RWANDA

Rwanda is a very small country in the east and central Africa surrounded by countries like, Uganda in the north, Burundi in the south, Tanzania in the east and Congo in the west. Rwanda has the highest concentration of bird species in Africa. Wildlife tours have well trained birding guides who have been working in many protected areas in the country. We do help our clients in the trip planning, selection of the best birding routes and ensure they have ever lasting memories for the country through our devoted services. Very many species of birds are recorded in Rwanda’s National park popularly known as Nyungwe forest national park and over 280 species are recorded in the park the absolute majority are forest specialists and twenty-six being regional endemics whose range is limited to a number of forests along the Albertine Rift. To mention some of the birds to see include great blue turaco; a chicken sized bird with garish bluish green and yellow feathers, frequently detected gliding between the vegetation along the highway. Also watch the Paradise flycatcher, along tailed blue. You will watch also other birds impress with their bizarre look the great forest hornbills, for example, whose wailing vocalizations are nearly as comical as their ungainly bills and great winged flight,. Birds can also be seen in Rwanda’s Volcanoes national park and over 500 bird checklist known to Akagera, species will include Common Scimitar-bill, rare shoebill, Blue-naped Mouse bird, Open-billed Stork to mention but a few

Bird watching is the observation of birds as a leisure activity. It can be done with the naked eye, through a binoculars and telescopes or by listening for birds sounds. The activity involves an important auditory component as many birds’ species are more easily detected and identified by ear than by eye, most of those interested in bird watching do it for recreational or social reasons

HOW TO DO BIRD WATCHING

Get some binoculars: Binoculars are readily available at the park headquarters in case you don’t have one, but it’s advisable to own yours. And if you are to buy your own binoculars, you should investigate and test them out first before buying. Look for binoculars that are waterproof, focus easily, and have at least 8x magnification and a 30 to 42mm front. If possible, go to a specialist bird watching supplier rather than mail order or cheap high-street chain stores, so you can get the best advice. Binoculars that are comfortable to use and good optically will help prevent eye and neck strain

Get a bird guide.

This is very significant to all bird lovers; look through it before you go out for the first time. It is very difficult to memorize all the birds, but the bird guide can help you to learn more about bird families and also soften on the hardship learn some of the birds such as swallows, raptors, warblers, flycatchers, herons, etc to narrow your search down when you are out. Birds are fast and often don’t stands still, so concentrate on these things about what you’re seeing

Find other bird watchers. For the activity to be enjoy full, search online for birding groups and chapters near you. Many lead bird walks that you can attend and afford. Contact tour companies or parks to find out whether classes or walks are being offered. The more sets of eyes and ears there are, the more birds you’ll find, especially if you go with bird watchers who are more experienced than you are.

It is good to start bird watching in the morning, when birds are searching for food, and listen. Usually, you will be encircled by bird calls and songs, but will not have a single bird in sight. Look for movement in trees, and bring your binoculars to your eyes. Don’t try to find the bird through your binoculars.

 Spot the bird you’ve spotted in your field guide. You will find that birds stick to certain ranges-this will be shown in your field guide. Do not focuses on color as this alone can lead to misidentifications. Focus on shape, size, markings, posture, behavior, etc. Watch places where field markings are normally, like wing bars or the tail feathers.

Create your “life list”. For every bird you see it’s better to note it down in order to create a life list. Eventually, you might progress to creating various other lists: yard lists, month lists, year lists, state lists, record rare birds to your list. Write down the bird species, gender (if you can tell), location and date.

Get a good field guide. A field guide is a little book that’s packed with information about birds. It’s the next best thing to an expert birder by your side. It describes and shows pictures of the birds, and it tells you which details of each bird to look for. Some people prefer the guides with illustrations because photographs can lead to confusion due to poor lighting, flash, posture, etc. Make acquainted with different families of birds if you’re ready to strike out on your own, first search the internet for great places to see lots of birds. Study a good field guide until you can tell a wagtail from a warbler or white winged Tern from African Skimmer for example. If possible learn also the different species, the water birds from the savannah birds. You can also learn from others. When you go out, ask other birdwatchers for help. Join a local bird group, subscribe to bird watching magazines and journals

Good to Respect the birds in there nature settings. the birds’ habitats are not suppose to be disturbed Bird watching manners and principles are important in making sure that birds sabotaged since birding becomes more popular,. Some guidelines suggested by the American Birding Association include: Don’t get too close to nests, nesting colonies, roosts, display areas, and important feeding sites; your presence may interfere with birds’ activities, don’t stress the birds with recordings or artificial lighting, and Respect private property.

Take a walk. Guided forest walk of various length are organized to give birders an opportunity to watch various species of birds, having a binoculars can give one more chances of spotting birds in a far distance. Guided walks with people who will help you see birds you wouldn’t have seen and who are incredibly generous with their knowledge.

Learn bird calls and songs. You should not forget that you can identify many birds by listening to their calls and songs. Learn these by listening repeatedly to the many excellent CD’s and DVD’s now available. And, best of all, learn to identify any unfamiliar call or song by locating the bird responsible. This can help much in identifying birds and making the activity easier.

Use hides where possible. Most bird reserves have at least one hide. You will get brilliant views of birds that are otherwise hard to see well, and this is an excellent way to become really familiar with their distinctive features. Always think of the birds and of other birdwatchers. Leave a hide quietly and modestly, don’t shout or point out of windows, and don’t block other people’s view.

MUST SEE BIRDS IN RWANDA

Ounce you take a trip to Rwanda it’s a guarantee that birds are going to be seen as Rwanda is some times known as a birders paradise due to very many species of birds that are recorded in the most famously known Rwanda national parks. Despite being one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, Rwanda is a worthwhile and exciting birding destination, with Nyungwe national park the absolute star attraction. The largest montane forest in Africa, Nyungwe has more Albertine Rift endemic birds than any other site outside the Democratic Republic of Congo, it host over 280species of birds such as great blue turaco, Lesser Black backed Gull, Grey headed Gull a chicken sized bird with garish bluish green yellow feathers, along tailed blue, orange as well as (at times) white bird regularly seen, Akagera national park offers a wide diversity of savanna and wetland birds over 500 species including Shoebill and several species confined to the Lake Victoria Basin to mention some include the Common Scimitar-bill, Blue-napped Mouse bird, Open-billed Stork and a very helpful Water Thick-Knee Shoebill, African Open-billed Stork, Egyptian Goose, Long-toed Lapwing, Spur-winged Plover, Black Crake, Long-tailed Cormorant, Great Cormorants, Goliath Heron, Senegal Lapwing, Water Dikkop, African Marsh Harrier, Bateleur, Red-faced Barbet, and the rare shoebill and many more. Others species of birds can be spotted in Volcanoes national park. In case you organize your trip to Rwanda it’s a must to see at least to see three quarters of these birds please birders don’t wait book now for a bird safari in Rwanda you will never regret.

DOES RWANDA HAVE ENDEMIC BIRDS?

Yes endemic bird species are present in Rwanda; there are over 670 species of birds making Rwanda the only country in east and central Africa with the highest concentration of bird species. Akagera national park offers a wide diversity of savanna and wetland birds over 525 species including the rare shoebill stock plus 4 Albertine rift such as the Red-faced Barbet found only in (Akagera national park), Red-collared Mountain Babbler, Purple-breasted Sunbird. Nyungwe National Park has around 283 bird species with 27 endemics “The highest concentration of Albertine Rift endemics of anywhere in the world!” to mention some include Cape Wagtail, African Saw-wing , White-necked Raven, the Ruwenzori Turaco and Handsome Francolin and Volcanoes National Park has approximately 90 species with 13 endemics. So a must to see these endemic species

WHAT TO CARRY WHEN DOING BIRD WATCHING SENTENCE

Not much. A pair of binoculars, a field guide, and a hat. Maybe a small notebook you carry in your pocket. You might want to check out Diane’s Bird watching Starter Kit. Also a birding vest is helpful, too. You can put your field guide, your binoculars, your pen and notebook, and possibly some insect repellent in the pockets. You hang it a side and when time for bird watching you just grab it have every thing you need packed

WHAT DO PEOPLE DO WHEN THEY GO BIRDING?

Birdwatchers observe wild birds in their natural habitat. Bird watching means learning to identify the birds and understand what they are doing. In Rwanda, there are over 670 species of birds. Wherever you live, you’ll probably find at least 100 species that are easy to find in your area. Life swiftly gets more fascinating when you become aware of the varied bird life all around you.

 

 

 

 

know more about lions

They are the second largest cats after the tiger and are regarded as the only cats that live in groups, which are called prides. A pride may include up to 2-3 males and over a dozen females and their young. All the pride’s lionesses are related and female cubs usually stay with the group as they age. Young males sooner or later leave and found their own prides by taking over a group headed by another male. And some times a male lion makes a louder roar; the fearful cubs leave the pride for ever and those remain stays for ever in the family unites. Males with newly won prides often kill existing cubs; the females then come into estrus and the males sire their own cubs. Lions are considered the only sexually dimorphic cats, in that the female and males differ in appearance. The males have thick mane around the head that extends down the chest between the forelegs; the curls can vary in color from yellow to black. Although there few populations that have very thin or no manes; males who have been injured may also lose their manes. Average life span of a lion in the wild is 12-18 years in the wild and 20-25 years in captivity and an adult lion weigh about 300 to 500lbs (120 to 226kg)

Males defend the pride’s territory, which may comprise some 100 square miles (259 square kilometers) of grasslands, scrub, or open woodlands, savannahs or dry open woodlands. They do not live in moist tropical forests. These threatening animals mark the area with urine, roar threateningly to warn intruders, and chase off animals that intrude on their territory. The major obligation of females is to hunt. They often work together to prey upon antelopes, zebras, wildebeest, giraffe, buffalo and other large animals of the open grasslands. They may also attack elephants when food is scarce. Lions also feed on hares, birds, reptiles, crocodiles, pythons, baboons, and ostrich eggs. Lions may only eat every two or three days; they can eat almost 79 lbs of meat in one feeding. Most lions drink water daily if available, but they can go four or five days without it.  Team work is needed as many of these animals are faster than lions. Young lions can not help in hunting until they are about a year old. Lion climb trees to avoid group of biting flies and escape herds of Cape buffalo and tree climbing lions here in Uganda can be only seen in queen Elizabeth national park and in Kenya this amazing staff can be seen in Ambosoli national park.

Mating takes place year round. Males often bite females in the neck during mating; copulation lasts 8-68 seconds (averaging 21 seconds!) and lions may mate from 60-100 times per 24 hours. The lioness gives birth in a private area away from the group and later introduces the cubs to the pride when they are about eight weeks old. Frequently several females give birth at about the same time and they share the duties of protecting the cubs in a communal nursery called a creche. They may also some times look after cubs other than their own. Young cubs are vulnerable to predation by hyenas, leopards and black-backed jackals. As a result of this, as well as starvation during times of food shortages and attacks by males taking over a pride, 50-70% of lion cubs die within their first 2 years of life. Lionesses will sometimes leave the pride with cubs to protect them until the age of 2 years and some die defending their cubs.

Lion are of different type

Asiatic lion

Asiatic lionThe Asiatic lion (also known as the Indian lion), is a lion subspecies that exists as a single isolated population in India’s Gujarat State. It is listed as Endangered by IUCN based on the small population size. The Asiatic lion was first described by the Austrian zoologist Johann N. Meyer under the trinomen Felis leo persicus. It is one of the five big cats found in India. Asiatic lions are similar to African lions, but they have a belly fold, a flap of skin that runs the length of the belly between the front and hind legs. Their color ranges from reddish-brown to a highly mottled black to sandy cinnamon grey. Their manes are thinner than those of African lions but their coats are thicker and their tail tufts are longer. Their prides are smaller than those of African lions, with an average of only two females. Don’t miss to meet the king of the jungle

White Lions

EFG5575White lions are not truly albinos some have blue eyes. Their white colour is caused by a recessive trait resulting from a less-severe change in the same gene that causes albinism. White lions were first recognized in 1928 in the Timbavati region of South Africa (e.g. near the Kruger National Park). Although the earliest recorded sighting in this region was in 1938, these lion first came to public attention in the 1970s in Chris McBride’s book The White Lions of Timbavati Up until 2009, when the first pride of white lions was reintroduced to the wild; it was widely thought that the white lion could not survive in the wild. It is due to this reason that a large part of the population of white lions now reside in zoos.

Mountain lions

Mountain lionsMountain lions are lonely and shy animals, hardly ever seen by humans. They require a lot of room only a few cats can survive in a 30-square-mile (78-square-kilometer) range. They like to prey on deer, though they also eat smaller animals such as coyotes, porcupines and raccoons. They usually hunt at night or during the gloaming hours of dawn and dusk. Mountain lions has very many names the Americans call it a puma, cougar and catamount among other names. Lions are so amazing to watch although it is regarded as the king of the jungle.

Gorilla Tourism in Africa

mountaingorillaTouring Mountain Gorilla is some sort of Fun and Adventurous in Africa especially in the Wild. The protection of the Mountain Gorillas had seemed to be more and more difficult as most people use to fight them for invading their crops while other people cleared land where these Gorillas used to stay and look for food. While other fought to chase them, others struggled to get them ready for dinner.

All these and many more made the number of mountain Gorillas less and less each day that passed. Extinction was the dreadful end that was awaiting them on their path.

It was not until Dian Fossey a primatologist who was on her research in Rwanda and saw this great threat that taking these great apes by the neck and fought for their survival. Even though she lost her life in the struggle, her work never went in waste.

A number of wildlife conservation organization rushed in the protection of the rear Mountain Gorillas. These were both regional and in international. Some these include World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Wildlife Conservation Society, Gorilla Doctor, and Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and Many More.

These and many more fought hard to sensitize the people on the beauty of living with Gorilla and conserving them for other generations to come. Even thought all this was done people never made sense out of it all. The organizations themselves never had enough money to fund all their programs and thus a new alternative had to be put in place and that was nothing else but Gorilla tourism in the Wild.

The introduction for Gorilla Tourism in the wild greatly posed a great challenge in front of these conservation organizations as they had to provide a safe way for people to see Gorillas safely with thought Gorillas attacking the people since the Gorillas were remotely located in the Mountainous Forests they and they were inaccessible by safari vans and tracks new and friendly means were to be put in place and this was Gorilla habituation. Gorilla Habituation in this sense meant getting Gorillas getting used to human presence.

Even though Gorillas are strong and aggressive animals they have got another part of them and that is being shy. At fast glace on human presence Gorillas tend to hind away and keep in a hiding behind the bushes and until people go away. Whatever goes on in their Gorilla Minds God knows but what I know if provoked they turn to their aggressive side and they will do anything to protect their group even up to the cost of losing their lives (Silver Backs)

Gorilla habituating was to take a time since it involved trekking and Track these Gorillas and once see. The trackers were to pretend to be also grazing and that they meant no harm to them. For days and months in doing this, Gorillas would out in the open to eat with them also. And after this happened Gorilla groups that were successfully habituated were now free to receive visitors from around the World.

This was one great success registered by the conservation organizations has the local people who formally looked at Gorillas as a treat now were employed in Gorilla tourism. Some now have Gorilla Trekking Safari Companies while others are grown to become professional Gorilla tour guides and Rangers.

Apart from that local people have earned a living in the local cultural tourism. A trails have been set up and local people around have greatly helped in the explaining of the cultural norms and traditions as a way of relaxing the minds of the people from the Adventurous Gorilla Tracking experience the forested mountains.